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who whom

Posted by jjaquays on January 24, 2014 at 11:00 PM Comments comments (0)

Today's mini grammar post: By request .... who / whom

 

I could talk about the difference between subject and object pronouns - but that is a bit tedious. Instead I'll give a few examples.

 

To ask a question - Who is he? Who are you? (You can invert the word order - He is who; You are who.)

 

To whom are you speaking? (sounds kinda stuffy, but it's correct)

 

So if you're deciding which to use .... if the word HIM (which ends in M like whom) can be used in its place, use whom. Example: For whom is the present? Could you say "for he?" Nope. How about "for whom"? Yep

 

So basically use "whom" after prepositions (words like to, for, from) and receiving the action of a verb. You gave whom the money?

 

I know who he is. (Who is a subject.)

do due dew

Posted by jjaquays on January 24, 2014 at 11:00 PM Comments comments (0)

Bonus grammar mini: this one came up in class today: do vs due vs dew,

Do - a verb that shows action: Do your chores.

Due - an adjective that indicates by when something needs to be completed; your report is due tomorrow,

Dew - a noun for the wet stuff on the grass first thing in the my in (not typically in winter)

Dew - the beverage of champions

 

I usually drink Mountain Dew while I do my homework that is due the next day after the dew dries.

fix this sentence

Posted by jjaquays on January 24, 2014 at 10:55 PM Comments comments (0)

Today's grammar mini: I was given this statement and asked to "fix" it.

 

"There was three cop cars and a tan 4 door car, they had the trunk open."

 

Issue one: We have previously discussed that when a sentence starts with "there," the subject will follow. And although the word cop is singular, it is modifying the word cars which is plural. Thus, (yeah I said thus) the verb should be "were."

 

Issue two: We have two complete thoughts crammed together with just a weakling comma to hold them together. In other words, a comma splice. Sooooo we either need to start a new sentence or send the comma to the gym and turn it into a semi colon.

 

Issue three: Numbers under ten, in most situations, need to be written out.

 

New and improved sentence: "There were three cop cars and a tan four door car; they had the trunk open."

from FB:  Sara Okello said  Also, don't forget about the hyphen after "four" - a four-door car.

object pronouns

Posted by jjaquays on January 24, 2014 at 10:50 PM Comments comments (0)

I can't resist GP 3 on pronouns:

Subject pronouns can only be used as subjects. They cannot follow prepositions (to, on, at, with, from, next to, etc,

 

Me, him, her, it, us, and them are object pronouns. They follow prepositions and verbs.

 

Examples: I wrote a letter to her.

Please give them a dollar

Dad, please let me borrow the car.

put others first

Posted by jjaquays on January 24, 2014 at 10:45 PM Comments comments (0)

Mini grammar point (directly related to previous GP):

 

In life and in grammar, put others first,

Ron and I went to the movies.

Dawn and I are cousins.

 

Not: I and Sara are friends.

Definitely not: Me and her are friends.

subject pronouns

Posted by jjaquays on January 24, 2014 at 10:45 PM Comments comments (0)

Mini grammar point. So I hope that everybody knows that a sentence needs a subject.

 

I also hope that most have heard of pronouns - you know this little words we use in place of nouns.

 

Well ....one group of pronouns are called subject pronouns. It's a "captain obvious" kind of label because they are the only pronouns that can be the subject of a sentence.

Those pronouns are "I, you, he, she, it, we, and they."

 

Examples: I am Jolene. You are reading my post. They study English. We rock grammar!

 

Do NOT use those other pronouns as subjects. Example of bad subject pronoun usage I've seen or read today (remember these be bad!) Me and John are going. Suzy and myself will do the work. Her and I are friends

 

a lot

Posted by jjaquays on January 21, 2014 at 10:10 PM Comments comments (0)

Today's grammar lesson: a lot. It is two words. I have a lot of work to do. There is no such word alot. If you type it, most likely you will get a squiggly red line. That means it's WRONG. lol It's alToday's grammar mini: This is similar to yesterday's post. The word DO is used with I, you, we, and they. These pronouns are also used with the negative, DON'T. He, she, and it go with DOES and DOESN'T.

 

PLEASE do not say "He don't have a pencil." "She don't know the answer."so NOT allot.

 

there's vs there are

Posted by jjaquays on January 21, 2014 at 10:10 PM Comments comments (0)

Today's mini lesson: There's. There's is a contraction for the words there and is. "Is" is a singular verb. In a sentence beginning with the word "there," the actual subject follows the verb.

 

If the subject is singular or a non-count noun, proceed with "there's."

 

For example: There's a new girl in our class. There's no paper in the machine. There's a fly in my soup.

 

If the subject is plural, you should say "there are."

For example: There are a lot of idiots on the road today. There are many semester. There are many opportunities to "pay if forward

 

rein vs reign

Posted by jjaquays on January 21, 2014 at 10:05 PM Comments comments (0)

This explanation is by request:

Rein vs Reign

 

noun: rein - a long, narrow strap attached at one end to a horse's bit, typically used in pairs to guide or check a horse while riding or driving. “Pull on the horse’s reins to make it slow down.”

 

verb: rein - check or guide (a horse) by pulling on its reins. "He reined in his horse and waited for her"

 

The expression to give free rein to is figurative. It means to give a person freedom to act on his own authority.

 

There is a homonym (a word that sounds the same but has a different meaning) for rein. It is reign.

 

Reign: the period of time during which someone is in charge of a group or organization

 

should have gone - not went

Posted by jjaquays on January 21, 2014 at 10:05 PM Comments comments (0)

I just read on someone's FB "I should have went .... " Did anybody else just hear nails on a chalkboard? After have you must use the past participle. For regular verbs that means the verb form is the same as the simple past tense. "I should have studied." "I should have worked." Kudos that this author used "have" and not "of," but unfortunately he used the simple past after have. That sentence should read "I should have gone." Other examples of irregulars: should have done, should have written, should have seen,"


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